ChildhoodThe son of outstanding Silver Age poets Anna Akhmatova and Nikolay Gumilev Lev was born in Tsarskoe Selo, near St Petersburg. Lev Gumilev, Ethnogenesis and Eurasianism. ALEXANDER SERGEEVICH TITOV. University College London. School of Slavonic and Eastern European. Putin’s passing mention of the late Russian historian Lev Gumilev and this odd word passionarnost meant little to the uninitiated; but to those.
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Russian history Joseph Stalin gulag History. In other words, nature itself sets apart the two cultural entities. Although many scholars find a number of serious contradictions and methodological flaws in Gumilev’s theories, his concepts gumilevv been legitimised in certain sections. Aiming to secure his release, Akhmatova published a dithyramb to Joseph Stalinwhich did not help to release Lev, although it possibly prevented her own imprisonment.
After Stalin’s death inGumilyov joined the Hermitage Museumwhose director, Mikhail Artamonovhe would come to appreciate as his mentor. In his later years, Gumilev celebrated Eurasianism, a theory developed in the s by Russian exiles. One of these was Lev Voznesensky, whose father, as rector of Leningrad University, had allowed Gumilev to defend a dissertation in before he was himself purged. He spent most of his childhood with his paternal grandmother Anna Gumileva at Bezhetsk, in the Tver Region halfway between Moscow and St.
More than dignitaries fill the room in their costumed finery: Get the week’s best stories straight to your inbox. The idea of “Eurasia” as it is referred to here stems from the nineteenth century.
To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats. Retrieved from ” https: His term at Norilsk came to an end at the end of the Second World War. From the s, he worked in the Geography Institute, where he would defend another doctoral thesis, this time in geography.
In his view, this state can exist only by the exploitation of foreign resources of intellect, biology and energy. As a result both Lev and his mother were treated with suspicion in Soviet Russia. He was exponent of eurasianism.
Opinion Show more Opinion links. When I met Lukyanov in Moscow inhe reminisced over tea and cakes at the Pushkin restaurant about his friendship with Gumilev — a staunch anti-communist — and the paradox this appeared to present.
Lev Gumilev: passion, Putin and power | Financial Times
Fights with the academic establishment were sometimes solved by a phone call from the presidium of the Supreme Soviet or the central committee. The idea of Eurasianism contrasts with Konstantin Leontyev’s Byzantism, which is similar in its rejection of the West, but identifies with the Byzantine Empire rather than with Central Asian tribal culture. Gumilev was released in after Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev started his famous de-Stalinization campaign.
In this idea was the germ of a new Russian nationalism. The emergence of social order from chaos that he witnessed formed a core part of the theory of history that would make him famous.
According to Gumilev there are also parasite states, which lack their own dynamism and survive by living off the resources and culture of another ethnos. He was lwv by the NKVD in and released, but rearrested again and sentenced to five years in He was a biologist, geneticist, geographer, agronomist and plant breeder.
In Kazan, for example, a monument to him was opened in August Lev Gumilev developed a concept which explained these processes.
In life, Gumilev had been a complex figure, gumulev all facile ideological pigeon-holing. Instead, they wrote, it owed its heritage more to the fierce nomads and steppe tribes of Eurasia. He proposed an archeological site for Samandar as well as the theory of the Caspian transgression in collaboration with geologist Alexander Alyoksin as one of the reasons for Khazar decline.
Lev Gumilyov – Wikipedia
His first publication was a trilogy on the history of the steppe nomads: On the 1st of October it will be years since his birth. Under Artamonov’s guidance, he became interested in Khazar studies and steppe peoples in general.
During this period, the nation conquers territory for itself, sets up the national statehood and makes breakthroughs gmuilev science, technology and arts. During these years, his relationship with his mother went from bad to worse.
For 17 months his mother waited in queues ,ev wrote letters to police officials beseeching them to tell her the fate of her son. That the peoples of the Eurasian steppe, including the Russians, but also the Turkic-speaking nomadic peoples of Central Asia, constitute a “super-ethnos” a notion comparable to the “civilizations” that many authors have used to describe like minded groups of nations or cultures—such as Samuel P.
He was also intensely jealous of her other husbands and lovers after the death of his father. To Gumilev, this was passionarnost. Observing inmates forced to behave like beasts in order to survive had taught him that the virtues of society, friendship and brotherhood were not a mark of human advancement but an instinctual urge, common to all humans at all times, to distinguish us from them.
They have even, some observers believe, become a kind of semi-secret cult in the upper echelons of the Russian establishment.
10 facts about Lev Gumilev, the famous Russian historian who refused to be broken by the Gulag
This is a huge territory. Although the official Soviet authorities rejected his ideas and banned most of his monographs from publication, Gumilyov came to attract much publicity, especially in the Perestroika years of Instead he had his wife and Gerstein commit it to memory.
Two years later, he defended his doctor’s thesis on ancient Turks. In particular, and with virtually no support from primary sources, he asserted that the Radhanites had been instrumental in the exploitation of East Slavic people and had exerted undue influence on the sociopolitical and economic landscape of the early Middle Ages.
His theory was met with strident criticism from the Soviet academic establishment, which saw in his ideas a biological explanation for social phenomena, an unacceptable approach because of its links to Nazism.