BARDOLI SATYAGRAHA PDF

The Bardoli Satyagraha, was a movement in the independence struggle led by Sardar Vallabhai Patel for the farmers of Bardoli against. Myth and reality in the Bardoli Satyagraha ‐ a study in Gandhian politics Essays in Gandhian Politics — Rowlatt Satyagraha of (Oxford, ). The peasants who participated in the Bardoli Satyagraha of did not form a homogeneous group. They belonged to different castes and different social and.

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The villagers replied that they were prepared for the worst, but definitely could not accept the government’s injustice. The poorer masses of peasantry who had very little bardli in their possession were altogether neglected.

Patel then instructed all the farmers of Bardoli taluka to refuse payment of their taxes. Dhanagare has sketched a portrait of the socio-economic background barcoli Bardoli. The farmers would leave the village and hide in the jungles.

Looking to the national importance of Bardoli the British government took a soft-line. The momentum from the Bardoli victory aided in the resurrection of the freedom struggle nationwide. The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict. He wrote to the government to fulfil the demands of the peasants.

Gandhi, Women, and the National Movement, Along with tax inspectors, bands of Pathans were gathered from northwest India to forcibly seize the property of the villagers and terrorize them.

Patel first wrote bradoli the Governor of Bombay, asking him to reduce the taxes for the year in face of the calamities. And, thus, drove them to desperation.

BARDOLI SATYAGRAHA

As soon as he sighted the officials who were coming to auction the property, the volunteer would sound his bugle. The findings of the committee came to the conclusion that the increase had been unjustified. Dhanagare argues that the status of the Kali Paraj peasants was that of a serf of medieval Vardoli.

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This created an awakening among the peasant masses to get mobilised for fulfilling their demands. But Gandhi and Patel agreed that neither the Congress nor Gandhi would directly involve themselves, and the struggle left entirely to the people of Bardoli taluka.

Bardoli Satyagraha

But Gandhi merely asked what Patel thought, and when the latter replied with confidence about the prospects, he gave his blessing. Whatever the Bardoli struggle may be, it clearly is not a struggle for the direct attainment of swaraj. The farmers celebrated their victory, but Patel continued to work to ensure that all lands and properties were returned to every farmer, and that no one was left out.

Inan agreement was finally brokered by a Parsi member of the Bombay government.

It was after Bardoli that Sardar Patel became one of India’s most important leaders. The situation for the farmers was grave enough that they barely had enough property and crops to pay off the tax, let alone for feeding themselves afterwards. Workers in Bombay textile mills went on strike and there was a threat to bring about a railway strike that bafdoli make movement of troops and supplies to Bardoli impossible.

And the fact that until no movement was launched for freeing the Dubla agricultural serfs. They set up an inquiry committee to go into the issue.

Bardoli Satyagraha – Wikipedia

A Swarajya Asharam was established in Surat and six similar centres were set up in Bardoli taluka to carry out constructive activities and to diffuse new political culture. It was women of bardoli who bestowed the title Sardar for the first time, which in Gujarati and most Indian languages means Chief satyageaha Leader. Indian members satyagrahs their offices, and expressed open support of the farmers. The British government thus had high stakes in the Bardoli agitation.

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The farmers received complete support from their compatriots in Gujarat. The government forfeited a large chunk of land, say 50, acres.

Their relations with the lower caste, that is, small, marginal and agricultural labourers were quite unsatisfactory.

Documents on Bardoli Satyagraha | Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

The Government declared that it would crush the revolt. Retrieved from ” https: The problem of Hali Pratha, which was highly exploitative, was not raised at all by the movement. Croquant rebellions Rappenkrieg Revolt of the Pitauds. The officials would find the entire village empty.

But, surely, the movement provided strength to the national freedom struggle. Dhanagare argues that the movement pleaded the cause of the rich and middle bqrdoli peasants.

Patel then asked Gandhi to consider the matter. In fact, it was the peasants who laughed the last. Even the flames of Bardoli had reached to Punjab and many jathas of peasants were despatched to Bardoli. However, some rich people from Bombay came to buy some lands. Gandhiji, along with Patel, conducted the movement in such a way that it carried, throughout the period, its non-violent character. Wages, just enough for subsistence, were paid in kind and were so low that the amount borrowed could never be repaid.

He reassured them that the struggle would not end until not only the cancellation of all taxes for the year, but also when all the seized property and lands were returned to their rightful owners.